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Clinical and epidemiological characteristics and outcome of patients with COVID-19 in Sri Lanka; an observational study

Authors:

M.M.P.T. Jayasekera ,

General Sir John Kotelawala Defence University, LK
About M.M.P.T.
Consultant Physician, Senior Lecturer, Department of Medicine
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H.M.M. Herath,

Faculty of Medicine, University of Ruhuna, Galle, LK
About H.M.M.
Consultant Physician, Professor in Medicine, Department of Medicine
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M.K.P. Pathirage,

Faculty of Medicine, University of Peradeniya, LK
About M.K.P.
Consultant Physician, Professor in Medicine, Department of Medicine
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A. Thushan,

Base Hospital Kattankudy, LK
About A.
Acting Consultant Physician
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G. Karthick,

Base Hospital Homagama, LK
About G.
Acting Consultant Physician
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D.J. Bernard,

Iranawila COVID treatment centre, LK
About D.J.
Acting Consultant Physician
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T. Dilrukshi,

Base Hospital Mulleriyawa, LK
About T.
Acting Consultant Physician
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L.S. Piyarathne,

Base Hospital Mulleriyawa, LK
About L.S.
Acting Consultant Physician
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N.B. Senevirathne,

Base Hospital Mulleriyawa, LK
About N.B.
Acting Consultant Physician
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S. Bhishman,

Base Hospital Mulleriyawa, LK
About S.
Consultant Physician
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A.A. Jayawardhana,

Base Hospital Walikanda, LK
About A.A.
Acting Consultant Physician
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H.P. Sanjeewa,

Base Hospital Walikanda, LK
About H.P.
Acting Consultant Physician
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P. Balasooriya,

Navy General Hospital, Walisara, LK
About P.
Consultant Physician
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T. Prasath,

Navy General Hospital, Walisara, LK
About T.
Acting Consultant Physician
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S. Pirasath,

Iranawila COVID treatment centre, LK
About S.
Acting Consultant Physician
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P. Sutharshan,

District General Hospital, Polonnaruwa, LK
About P.
Consultant Physician
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N.M. Hettiarachchi,

Toxicology Unit, Teaching Hospital Peradeniya, LK
About N.M.
Consultant Physician
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G. Senarathna,

Teaching Hospital Karapitiya, LK
About G.
Consultant Physician
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K. Jayasekara,

Teaching Hospital Karapitiya, LK
About K.
Consultant Physician
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S.R. Manilgama,

Colombo North Teaching Hospital, Ragama, LK
About S.R.
Consultant Physician
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I.K. Jayasinghe,

National Hospital, Kandy, LK
About I.K.
Consultant Physician
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T.A. Jayalath

Faculty of Medicine, University of Peradeniya, LK
About T.A.
Consultant Physician, Professor in Medicine, Department of Medicine
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Abstract

Background: Main objective of this study is to evaluate the clinical and epidemiological characteristics and outcome of patients with COVID-19 admitted to six treatment centres in Sri Lanka.

Methods: A descriptive retrospective study was conducted in six treatment centres in the country between March 10, 2020, and May 30, 2020.

Results: The study included 431 laboratory confirmed patients with COVID- 19. Their mean age was 37± 13.2 years. Of them, 335 (78.2%) were males. The majority were asymptomatic (243, 56.3%) and of the symptomatic patients, the most common symptom was sore throat (81, 19%), followed by cough (72, 17%), headache (72, 17%), fever (50, 12%), and nasal discharge (36, 8%). Hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) was used as a treatment modality in 248 patients, and they had significantly longer (17.6 days) durations of hospital stay compared to those who were not treated (13.6 days) with HCQ.

Conclusions: The majority of patients remained asymptomatic during the course of illness. The most common symptom was sore throat, seen in one fifth of patients, followed by cough, and headache. Our study also showed that patients treated with HCQ had significantly longer durations of hospital stay.

How to Cite: Jayasekera MMPT, Herath HMM, Pathirage MKP, Thushan A, Karthick G, Bernard DJ, et al.. Clinical and epidemiological characteristics and outcome of patients with COVID-19 in Sri Lanka; an observational study. Asian Journal of Internal Medicine. 2022;1(1):9–17. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/ajim.v1i1.26
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Published on 31 Jan 2022.
Peer Reviewed

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